One of the first things you will need to do is make sure the area you are working in is free of dirt. Use a vacuum to suck up dirt from work surfaces and the floor. Occasionally you’ll drop a part on the floor and the last thing you want is for it to wind up covered in dirt. This should go without saying, but don’t try building an engine where metal is being ground or cut.
Until recently, my workbench was old and the work surface wasn't the smoothest or cleanest. It is difficult to get all the dirt out of plywood so I like to line my plywood tops with paper or cardboard then replace as often as necessary throughout the build to ensure cleanliness is kept up. This practice ensures I’m not working on a dirty surface and exposing parts to unnecessary dirt which could cause scratches or damage. If you have the luxury of working on a laminate counter top or other hard smooth surface more power to you. Just remember to wipe the surface clean as you go to keep dirt to a minimum.
The temperature of your build area is extremely important. Parts are designed, manufactured, and inspected at 68°F (20°C). This means that in order for you to correctly measure a part during your build it should be at the standard temperature of 68°F. As long as you are close to 68°F you’ll be fine, however building an engine in a cold unheated garage in the dead of winter may not yield accurate results. Conversely, measuring parts in a sweatbox of a garage without air conditioning will not work that well either.
Keep your workshop's temp at 68°F (20°C) to ensure that all measurements are accurate and precise, your engine will thank you for it!
Tool storage and how you choose to handle your tools throughout the build comes down to personal preference. My tools are stored in a two level rolling toolbox. I can easily roll my toolbox from the motorcycle lift to my workbench once the engine has been removed.
Another tip is instead of putting tools away after you've used them for a given task, leave them out. By keeping them neatly organized and readily available you don’t have to go digging for them later down the road. The tools I frequently use are set either on my workbench or on a rolling cart so I can quickly grab them throughout a build. It saves you a few seconds or minutes here and there, but it definitely adds up to a hefty amount of saved time over the course of a full engine rebuild.
Lighting is one area that can be overlooked for many home mechanics. Make things easy on your eyes and be sure you have a good source of lighting where you are working. This way you’ll easily be able to see the wear in used parts, accurately read measuring equipment, and correctly assemble new parts. I prefer good overhead lighting when available, but when overhead lighting is unavailable good portable lighting can be just as effective. Portable lights affixed to stands that can be raised above shoulder level work well.
I stumbled on this tip completely on accident when doing a photo shoot for some engine components, but having cheap photography studio lights is a great source of lighting when rebuilding. I used three cheap photography studio lights in my shop while working, think of them like the dentist's adjustable overhead light when cleaning your teeth. Here are the ones I bought and use.
Allocating space to set parts aside as they are disassembled is important. Laying out and keeping a completely disassembled engine organized requires some room. A 3’ x 4’ area dedicated to storing disassembled engine parts will usually work. Alternatively a rolling cart with multiple levels is a handy option as it allows better organization and you can wheel parts around with ease. Make sure you are storing parts on nice smooth soft surfaces. Laying out parts on something like a grated metal shelf or work top wouldn’t be a good idea as the parts could be damaged when they contact the surface. This is especially true of gasket surfaces on covers which mar pretty easily. Another must is to never stack parts on top of one another. Make sure the area you have chosen to lay out parts is dirt and dust free throughout the build.
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